Comic strips are created to tell a story. Setting, characters, and storyline are the three essential components of a story. Comic books combine text and images equally. A series of frames is used in comic strips to depict story progression.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, comic strips started to appear in newspapers and soon gained popularity among Americans. Along with thinking or speech balloons, the strips’ sequential structure established the new art genre. Comic books initially appeared in the late 1930s after compilation books of comic strips were originally produced in the early 1900s.
In North America, comic strips originally appeared in newspapers in the late 19th century. The Yellow Kid is considered as one of the first newspaper strips. It was a serial, one-panel cartoon that showed a sort of old infant wearing a yellow sack-like outfit with phrases printed on it that he probably either talked or thought. The technique of integrating text and images, however, evolved gradually, and there are numerous examples that predated the comic strip.
The Swiss teacher Rodolphe Töpffer (1799–1846), who published seven of what are now known as comic books or, more recently, graphic novels, is typically credited with creating the comic strip.
Comic strips were initially designed as a strategy to entice readers to the Sunday version of the local newspaper, appearing solely as weekly features in the Sunday supplements of American newspapers. The conventional cartoons were the ancestors of comic strips.
- Mutt, the original title of Bud Fisher’s Mutt and Jeff, debuted on the sports pages of the San Francisco Chronicle on November 15, 1907, and is widely recognized as the first daily comic strip. Beginning in 1950, Peanuts dominated newspaper comics for many years. The newspaper comic strip Peanuts may be the most recognizable of all time.
Comic strip topics have spanned a variety of genres, including light humor, superheroes, action, mystery, and drama. Comic strips from the modern era can be found in most newspapers and periodicals. They are normally printed in color on Sundays and in black and white on Monday through Saturday in newspaper editions.