A comic book is a “visual” publication that is presented in a series of boards with narratives. Depending on comic book artists and writers, comics usually begins with one story that can be extended for several series. Also depending on the comic book artists and writers, they can present their illustrations in full or colors or black and white. Comics typically introduces one or more characters that can stand alone or be in a story collectively. Some examples of the latter are the popular superheroes comics such as those from DC and Marvel. The story and art in comic books have become more sophisticated as the medium has regained the popularity it had in its early years. What begun as “simple” art has grown into complicated, advanced, and progressive comics that the audience continue to love.

Comic books are very visual that their impact is largely dependent on the art and story. Comic book writers and artists take into consideration the frame of the page, size, orientation, and panel positions. In regular writing, these do not come until they layout process. But in comics and comic books, the visual aspects are the first considerations. These characteristic aspects of comic books are necessary in conveying the content and messages of the author. The key elements of comic books include panels, balloons (speech bubbles), text (lines), and characters. Balloons are usually convex spatial containers of information that are related to a character using a tail element. The tail has an origin, path, tip, and pointed direction. Key tasks in the creation of comic books are writing, drawing, and coloring. There are many technological formulas used to create comic books, including directions, axes, data, and metrics. Following these key formatting procedures is the writing, drawing, and coloring.

The classic comic format is made up of strips, illustrations, and text. Although most people think of superheroes when they think of comic books, there are many other genres for collectors to enjoy. Aside from superhero, the main genres of comic books are alternative/esoteric, manga, science fiction, fantasy, comedy, action/adventure, horror, humor, romance, children’s, and adult. Superhero comics are most popular in the United States. Superhero comic books are similar to modern-day mythology, with fantastical settings and characters with superhuman powers and abilities.